ZHGK Â– Lecture Catherine Dolan ||| Time and the Enchantments of the Not Yet: Making Entrepreneurs at the Bottom of the Pyramid
Dienstag, 28. MĂ¤rz 2017, 16:00 Uhr bis 17:00 Uhr
The quest for Â‘inclusive marketsÂ’ that incorporate AfricaÂ’s youth has become a key focus of national and international development efforts, with so-called bottom of the pyramid BoP) initiatives increasingly seen as a way to draw the ContinentÂ’s poor into new networks of global capitalism. SSA has become a fertile frontier for such systems, as capital sets its sights on the continentsÂ’ vast Â‘under-servedÂ’ informal economies, harnessing the entrepreneurial mettle of youth to create new markets for a range of products, from solar lanterns and shampoo to cook stoves and sanitary pads. Drawing on research with youth entrepreneurs in Kenya, this paper traces the processes of individual and collective `transformationÂ’ that the mission of (self-) empowerment through entrepreneurship seeks to bring about. In articular, it explores how temporalities Â–Â– the practices, technologies and representations of time Â–Â–figure in a BoP enterprise offering entrepreneurial opportunities to unemployed youth in NairobiÂ’s slums: from the invocation of clock-time discipline, to the professional time of entrepreneurial subjectivities, to the enchantments of the not-yet; the mastery of time drawing boundaries between the perceived inertia of the present and the vitality of the future. By examining how these temporal dimensions play out in BoP attempts to fashion a cadre of self-willed, aspiring entrepreneurs, we show that while inclusive markets are meant to bring those below the poverty line above it, the Â‘lineÂ’ can be reified and reinforced through the everyday practices and technologies of time.
Raum: Y 25 H 79
Geographisches Institut, UZH
Geography, Human Geography (HGG)
Geography, Economic Geography (WGG)
Geography, Political Geography (PGG)