The dynamics of Greek prepositions (with the main focus on perì 'about'): corpus-based approach
Freitag, 7. April 2017, 10:15 Uhr bis 12:00 Uhr
The core set of prepositions of Classical Greek (such as perì, apò, parà, etc.) stem historically from adverbs which did not form constituency with the (to-be-)dependent NP to begin with. The semantic interdependency of these adverbs with the NP triggered the process of syntacticization of what was originally two independent constituents into one constituent (PP). In this respect the development of the prepositions in Greek is typologically rather exceptional (cf. Lestrade et al. 2011 as a background) because elsewhere prepositional (or more generally adpositional phrases) tend to develop from expressions that already form a constituent from the very onset (e.g. from verb-object or (internal) possessor-possessum constructions). Research into particulars of the semantic, morphological and syntactic development of the prepositions seems to be particularly interesting. In this paper, we will present preliminary results from the comparison between four idealized stages: (i) the Archaic period (Homer, Hesiod), (ii) the Classical period (e.g. Plato, Thucydides), the Hellenistic period (e.g. Diodorus), and the New Testament period. We will discuss primarily the morpological properties of the prepositions and the semantic development of perì. Our study will also shed light onto the learned language of the Roman period.
Raum: FRE D 14